The Worst European Country?!

  1. Introduction
  2. Brief History
  3. The Unrecognised State of Transnistria
  4. How Does Something Become a Country?
  5. Tourism in Moldova
  6. Conclusion

Introduction

Moldova! A European country.
The flag of Moldova

Wedged between Ukraine and Romania. The primary language is Romanian. The capital is Chisinau.

A population of 2.64 million and a 2019 GDP of 27.27 billion.

Despite being the poorest country in Europe it has a life expectancy of 66 years for men and 73 years for women.

Brief History

In 1812 (the same year as the battle of Napoleonic Wars which took place from around 1800 to 1815. (They were a continuation of the French Revolutionary wars, which ran from 1792 to 1799. Together these conflicts represented 23 years of nearly uninterrupted war in Europe.) – the Treaty of Bucharest granted Russia control of eastern Moldova or Bessarabia.

In 1991, after the failed Soviet coup d’état attempt, Moldova declared independence. In 1994, The Constitution of Moldova set the framework for the government of the country.

In 2014 – Moldova signs association agreement with the European Union, prompting Russia to impose import restrictions on the country’s agricultural produce.

The Unrecognised State of Transnistria

Trans-Dniester. The state or country that seeks independence is not officially recognised at all as a country. It is a country that does not exist. Most people would argue it’s a part of Moldova. But it is supported in most ways – including defence – by Russia.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18284837

This separation occurred following a war between. The reality is that it exists and can be found on maps and is recognised by states. Therefore its failure to gain independence doesn’t really mean that much. It’s already a state because it has a clear border and name and authority governing it.

How Does Something Become a Country?

To become a state however, or sovereign country, the place needs to be recognised by the United Nations and needs to satisfy the requirements they set out.

https://www.un.org/en/ga/about/ropga/adms.shtml – before going further you may be interested in learning about Hobbes – https://www.britannica.com/topic/Leviathan-by-Hobbes

The route to independence could be between the constitutional theory and declarative theory. The state needs to be a place, have laws etc. and government which will help.

International law does not prohibit a declaration of independence, and the recognition of a country is a political issue. (Wikipedia.org).

Tourism in Moldova

Tourism exists but it isn’t going to be great. The international airport is situated in the capital of Chisinau.

The tourism focuses on the country’s natural landscapes and its history. Wine tours are offered to tourists across the country.

2018. (Despite the low numbers, the GDP is high)

CountryTourists
1 Romania2 524 403
2 Ukraine1 069 066
3 Russia322 256
4 Bulgaria78 870
5 Italy46 594
6 Germany30 061
7 Israel28 358
8 Turkey25 936
9 United States25 778
10 Belarus20 039
Total4, 334, 215
Wikipedia.

There are certainly more visitors from other countries. Maybe they haven’t been documented, but they are on YouTube for you to watch.

Conclusion

It’s a small country with the attached unrecognisable state and a fair sized populace.

Is it the worst? Infrastructure and the economy would say no. I’ve seen worse places with less. Who knows who will like this place. Will you?

Thanks for reading!

(On YouTube you can find the videos) I found this one:

LEarn Something New!

How long does it take to learn a new language for example? Check out this site: https://www.babbel.com/en/magazine/how-long-learn-language#:~:text=Here%20are%20a%20couple%20of%20languages%20from%20each,%2888%20weeks%29%2C%20Chinese%20%2888%20weeks%29%2C%20Japanese%20%2888%20weeks%29

It indicates different languages to learn and expected time. French is considered easier than German.

I think learning something new should be fun! I chose languages as the first part of this post since I find it the most fun thing to do. It allows you to become engrained into foreign culture and at the same time you are able to learn to speak and communicate in that language.

New skills. Lots of suggestions here: https://www.developgoodhabits.com/new-skills-to-learn/#:~:text=General%20Skills%20to%20Learn%20%28The%20FUN%20and%20USEFUL,your%20life.%20You%20…%202%202.%20Speed%20Reading.

Apparently it takes six months or longer to learn a new skill. This is nothing to be afraid of but instead to enjoy. Why rush? The above site provides tons of things. From writing, languages, reading skills, painting, art and craft, dancing, musical instruments, design, crafting clothing, making things, photography and more!

Combined the idea is to learn something new whilst enjoying yourself. It is not productive to focus on something you don’t like. Although if you push yourself and focus and study etc., then you will likely come to enjoy it.

As we age our brains don’t really learn like they did as children. A healthy mind is an active mind. You learn by doing, and doing so helps improve those brain connections. You can experience improved well-being, happiness, reduced stress, improved memory and confidence, feeling more well rounded, and finding it easier to interact with others. It may also help you more into a new career, or to progress in your career, or to help people.

https://symondsresearch.com/benefits-of-adult-learning/

Learning a new language might help you to do some volunteering for a charity who supports refugees for example. It could also help you become a translator. One of the best thing you can do is learn something new, something you’ve never experienced before.

Learning doesn’t mean just skills though. It means anything that challenges you to experience new things. Going to a new place, learning the routes and then coming away having learned them is a learning experience. Interacting with new people, speaking to them and learning names is a different kind of learning but still useful. If you have anxiety then this is particularly good to help your brain relearn how to socialise for example if you were unable before. Cooking is a form of learning, whether that is with the aid of a book or not doesn’t matter.

Reading books – helps improve memory and attention and focus (learning). Writing and researching – helps to learn a topic, think of an essay you had to do once.

Sometimes when we push ourselves we become these incredible people that surprises us.

We cannot sit back and let out potential lay dormant.

Writer Spotlight #7 – Rosie Banks

I had the pleasure of interviewing a very talented writer of erotica; Rosie Banks! She took the time to talk to me over Twitter as I began to read some of her blog posts on Medium. From there I became pretty obsessed with her work and decided to ask her on this spotlight! She said yes, I blushed, shook and went weak in the knees. I’m not going to ramble but I am so glad to be able to share this with you all, she is a wonderfully vivid writer, with a great taste and talent that will grow from seed to flower in no time, it will transform from caterpillar to butterfly before you know it.


Rosie Banks is the author, editor, and curator of kinky bitesize erotica on Medium and Amazon Kindle. She has been writing professionally for nine months, and writing erotica professionally for three. Her already extensive catalogue contains stories in the BDSM, hypnosis, and cuckoldry kinks, although this is by no means exhaustive. In addition to her erotic short stories, Rosie keeps a semi-regular blog, where she talks about her experiences as an erotic writer, advice she’d give to those interested in entering the erotica field, as well as musings on the genre in general.

Why are you a writer?

Starting with the easy questions I see. Ehm… hmm… I guess I’m a writer because I have this insatiable, and at times perverted, imagination, and writing is the only medium I’ve found that as near as possible captures what’s in my head. Writing comes fairly naturally to me, and I enjoy it. Sure, it can be a chore sometimes, and when the ideas aren’t coming it’s absolutely infuriating, but most of the time writing is fun and a little exciting—on occasion, very exciting… I love it and I wouldn’t want to do anything else with my life, and probably won’t.

What do you enjoy about writing?

Two things: One, I love that I can sit and let my imagination flow without any boundaries. I always feel such excitement when I sit in front of a blank screen, wondering where I’ll be taken to today. It’s marvellous! Two, I honestly enjoy the process of trying to convert what’s in my head into cold, hard scribbles on the page. It’s like a puzzle with no right answers. And the satisfaction of hearing your story made an impact on someone, there’s no other way to describe it: pure joy.

Tell us about your most recent works

Most recently, I’ve been writing approx. 1,200-2,500-word stories on Medium that I publish about twice a week. Almost all of these have been erotica, although a couple have been more straightforward blog posts. My erotic stories generally deal with someone who’s craving something: satisfaction, excitement, danger, ecstasy—perhaps a combination of these. I usually write from a first-person perspective, as I find it the most intimate and vulnerable. I also often write in the present, as the immediacy helps create suspense… and arousal.

Essentially, when you read my stuff, I want you to feel the same pleasure the protagonist feels: be in bed with them, feel the cord around their wrists—the gag in their mouth, whimper as someone caresses their body, lose control in the ecstasy of the moment. Whether or not I succeed in that is up to the reader to decide.

If you could write a book in a new genre, which would you choose?

I’d choose horror, or at least spooky (is that a genre?) Anyway, as I believe I’ve written elsewhere, I’m a big fan of classic Victorian and Edwardian ghost stories, as well as the Weird Fiction of the early twentieth-century. I regularly listen to recordings of these classic spooky stories (you can find them on YouTube), and they’re a huge influence – oddly – on my erotic writing. I won’t bore you here, but I could go on and on about how similar good horror and erotica are. To me, they’re just two sides of the same coin.

Do you have any role models or people who inspired you to write?

Hm, that’s an interesting question. Yes and no. Inspired me to write? No really… My grandfather, after he retired, wrote short stories for a while. I knew about it as a kid but didn’t really care. I regret that I didn’t take a more active interest in his work, but I wouldn’t say he “inspired” me.

On the other hand, there are plenty of authors whose writing has directly influenced my work. I don’t have time to name them all, but here are the top five. Hopefully, in a future blog post, I’ll be able to go into more detail on how they’ve influenced my work.

In no particular order, except for maybe Wodehouse, my influences are:

  1. P. G. Wodehouse
  2. A. J. Alan (aka Leslie Harrison Lambert)
  3. George MacDonald Fraser
  4. M. R. James
  5. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Are you working on anything at the moment?

At the time of this interview, I’m in the process of editing about ten erotic short stories that (fingers crossed) will be going up between now and the middle of July. I write pretty voraciously, so I’m always juggling more stories than I know what to do with. I try to follow a strict schedule, but sometimes the hypnotic call of a particularly juicy story is too good to resist.

The three that will be going up next are as follows: one about the fallout of a one night stand; another about the answer to a voyeur’s prayers; the third is… well… something a little different. It’s called, “Seduced By The Sea.” It’s a mix of erotica and… horror? Not quite sure. You can see for yourself what that one’s about when it eventually gets published.

Where can people buy your books?

If people are interested in my work, they should go to my Medium page. This is the best place to find my stories and blog posts, receive updates on upcoming projects, and support me through reading. People can (if they’d like) buy a few of my longer stories on Amazon Kindle or read them for free with a Kindle Unlimited account.

What advice would you give to an aspiring writer?

Yikes, there’s so much I want to say. Hmm… well, with brevity in mind, I’d recommend that anyone interested in writing professionally should just start. Like today. Sit down with a favorite drink, maybe a little snack, and bang out some writing. It doesn’t matter if you think it’s good or not. What’s important, I’ve found, is the consistent practice of writing. Over time, with enough patience and practice, you’ll get better at translating what’s in your head to words on the screen.

And also bear in mind, there are no gatekeepers in writing—not any more. Unlike the good old days when you had to rely on publishers for your weekly bread, today, you can make money by writing and publishing directly online like I do: either on a site like Medium, or Amazon Kindle, or on your own blog.

Starting is so hard. But really, once you get going, it’s so easy to make a habit of it. Find a time that works for you, dedicate that as your “Writing Time”, and just do it every day, or every other day, or whatever. As long as you’re persistent, you’ll start seeing progress.

Writing is difficult. Anyone who says otherwise isn’t a professional writer. It’s okay to feel discouraged and angry and upset and depressed and everything else. In fact, it’d be weird if you didn’t sometimes feel that way. Just remember to keep going. And little by little… well, you know.

Oh, and have fun! Because, I mean really, if you’re not having fun, what’s the point?

Any other comments?

I’m sure I’ll think of something later, but for now I’m happy with these.

*You can find Rosie Banks work at the following. I already follow her on Medium and recommend you do the same.

My Medium page

My books on Amazon Kindle:

Let Me Sing A Song Inside Your Mind…

Debt To Pay

Disciplinary Action

Rosie, thank you again for taking the time to do this interview around your busy writing schedule. We all appreciate a good writer, and especially one who can take us deep into the erotica experience and spit us out leaving us wanting more. She had these remarks about allowing me to publish this post:

“Yes, I am; and thank you again, Thomas, for offering to do this. I really appreciate it!”

Well, there you go! Enjoy your day and as always, like, comment, follow and reblog! Go check out the writer!

Survival Tips – From The Bunker 🧟‍♂️

Survival tips from the bunker, guaranteed to help you effectively survive for the long term. What do you need? This is why I am posting this, to share with you 10 items that are needed in your new found home. Don’t get too cozy, you still need to go out for things!

🧟‍♀️ When packing for the bunker, don’t favour colourful socks over toothpaste.

SURVIVAL TIP OF THE WEEK

There is firstly a host of places to survive the zombie apocalypse, like a bunker. It has to be one of the safest long term survival shelters that exist. It is effective against, floods, hurricanes and even nuclear fallout. So, in the event the town or city is nuked to kill the undead, you’ll be safe 500 feet below all the rubble. Let’s get started survivors!

1)FOOD AND WATER – obvsiouly, but we’re not talking about some cans and bottles, I’m talking about having the bunker already filled with long term foods, and water filtration systems before you even need to use it!

2) FLASHLIGHT AND BATTERIES

3) MEDICATION AND SUPPLEMENTS – ANITIBIOTICS, PAINKILLERS, ANTI-INFLAMMATORYS, MULTIVITAMINS!

4) TOOTHPASTE, TOOTHBRUSH AND SOAP

5) RAZOR AND SHAVING CREAM – FOR MEN! (WOMEN TOO?)

6) BOOKS, BOARD GAMES, CARDS

7) PLANTS

8) FIRSTAID KIT

9) TOILET PAPER AND OTHER SANITATION ITEMS

10) PENS, PENCILS, PAPER, TYPEWRITER


The list is not extensive. These are some good items to take in. I know I added more than 1 item each line but oh well. There is a lot more, but I assumed the bunker was already kitted out with beds and blankets and had a working kitchen with utensils. I added plants to the list because they will help to oxygenise the environment which will be important because bunkers do get stuffy, despite even having good ventilation. They also help to make a home more relaxing and welcoming.

Long term food doesn’t have to be canned, but needs to be able to stay preserved for a number of years. You could use large glass jar for this, and a selection of pickling and preservation techniques by following any number of online guides.

When I mentioned multivitamins I was hoping you’d think of vitamin d. Not only does a bunker lack natural sunlight, but the lack of can kill you. You need to take vitamin d every single day. If you plan to stay in the bunker for 2 years, and trust me, that sounds like a long time but in reality if zombies were outside and nukes hit, you’d have no choice, then you need to keep your body and particularly your bones healthy.

⭐One more crucial thing, if you don’t mind. This is a secret weapon: BUG OUT BAG. BOB. This is a great piece of kit to have, because it allows you to carry things to and from the bunker which you would otherwise forget or leave behind, like the need to stick a few cans of beer, or a spanner or electrical wiring kit, or anything else! Technically if you have a well stocked bunker, and it looked like the above picture then I cannot imagine you would want to leave your bunker. Baseball bats, cricket bats, spades, fire axe optional.

Castles (5)

Welcome to episode 5 of the Medieval England History series. You can access all the episodes by going to this link here. I hope you are enjoying this nostalgic adventure into the heart of what England was during the time of the black death. If you do like what you read then be sure to follow because new episodes are posted regularly. Today this episode is about medieval castles!


Castles in medieval England served a very important purpose, they were designed and built primarily as the homes and fortresses of a monarch or noble. Early castles would have been built from earth and wood, but as the times moved on, by the 12th century most castles were built from stone.

The roof of the castles were built or covered with slates, clay tiles or wooden shingles. The castle had to be well guarded and defended both by men and in terms of the position and structure, because a poorly built castle meant almost certain doom for the occupants. That is why they built castles on steep hills or at the top of rock cliffs, sometimes beside the sea. The positions meant that the castle automatically had an advantage from attack, as potential invaders had to get up the hills or cliffs before getting into the castle. It was still possible though, and the use of other weapons like catapults certainly helped this.

If the castle was not built to house a monarch or noble then it could have secondary uses or purposes. Notable is the use of castles as barracks to house soldiers (spearmen, militia, swordsmen, archers, crossbow men, knights, billmen etc). They could serve as prisons, armories, treasure houses, and the center for local government… yes, they still had a government in medieval ages, albeit under the rule of the monarch. Other less violent uses included using castles as brew houses, laundry, workshops, dovecotes, and stables. It was not uncommon to have a few of these things mixed together in a castle grounds, along with a barracks for example.

The castle would be surrounded by a huge wall which would be many meters high and dense. They were not just walls, they were 3 layers thick consisting of; a rough stone inner shell, a thick solid filling of flint and rubble, and an outer layer of stone called ashlars. The wall would have a flat walkway which would allow guards to keep watch and to notify the other guards should an intruder be noticed. The archers if there were any would be able to use a embrasure, which would allow them to shoot whilst protected by the wall. And, don’t forget the medieval ages was brutal, so the openings in the wall allowed boiling water or stones or even waste at times to be thrown down onto any attacking enemy. Most castles had a moat too, which was an added level of protection, a stream of deep water that surrounded the castles. Castles built near lakes or rivers could use that water by digging or channeling water to the moat. A drawbridge would allow access across the moat and would be raised if an enemy approached.

Stokesay is the most well preserved castle sites in England. Worth a journey to spend a day looking around.

Inside a castle was a little different to outside. They did not have what we have today, but did have quite a lot of things that we might be surprised at. They didn’t have central heating of course, they had alternative more costs effective means of keeping warm (that is a joke, it didn’t cost anything to light a fire back then). Only the Lord and Lady of the castle had used a main fireplace, along with thick, heavy blankets, mattresses made of feathers, fur covers etc. So the Lord and the Lady (nobles) or the Monarch (I suspect a lot more than just blankets, including women for kings). The workers, or anyone not a noble had to sleep in the towers which were cold and damp, and you can imagine the winter. In summer though, the castle would still remain cold for the workers.

A castle hall was the biggest, grandest room in the entire fortress. The middle ages saw it common place to sleep in the hall. It was the place to dine and to drink and socialise. Lords of the castle would host social gatherings and people gathered in the hall for a massive feast and listened to music (yes, the played musical instruments, played by minstrels, or wandering singers). Occasionally the Lords might also host a jousting event in a field outside. There were laundry too, and bedding and clothes were washed, and everything was maintained. Everyone in the castle had a job, even if it was to provide entertainment and this resulted in castles being loud and busy.

Attackers could use moveable towers to climb over the walls, could tunnel under the walls, and of course use catapults, which were employed later on. Attackers could stop the supply of food and water and other resources and even kill assisting soldiers coming to the castle.

Waste disposal in castles was not as good as the personal hygiene. Castles did not have plumbing which means the waste would remain in one place until it was cleaned by chamber maids (they still did it, and for a pittance), although a poor sanitary waste system was a lot better than a lower class citizen. People in medieval ages had regard to personal hygiene and washed their hands, took baths and brushed their teeth! They brushed their teeth using something called a miswak, brushing or scrubbing the teeth until they ‘felt’ clean. Others could use a cloth or their fingers. Personal hygiene was advocated for as early as the Vikings, who encouraged use of combs and act of washing. People would get their hair cut by a barber, who also performed minor surgeries to the teeth and pulled out rotten teeth, talk about a worthwhile visit.


Thank you for reading episode 5 castles in the Medieval England History series. If you enjoyed this then stay tuned by liking, commenting, reblogging, following and more! The next in the series will be a little more about the life in castles, particularly focusing on the roles within it, starting with the cooks! Cooks are a very important roles in the castle of medieval times.

Aeon

Ages or time that transcends comprehension. Back to a day when it was a life force, creatively made by supremecy.


Residing in the Pleroma

heavenly realm

divinity in being

inhabitation of the space

angelic and trinity 

The pleroma was a term for heaven. Aeons were the divine beings inhabiting the pleroma, consisting of the trinity and the angels.

The trinity is : collectively, The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit. We can see from the diagram below that God is all 3 elements. He is The Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It clears up the common misconception that both The Father and Son are the Holy Spirit, a common misunderstanding.

Love, light, peace. Goodnight.


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The Attraction – Combinations Mind Unleashed

I managed to go down to the shops in the old town today. This morning was me delivering a presentation for 45 minutes which worked out great. I also received good feedback that it was impressive, so well done me.

I was only going to buy a canvas but of course naturally ended up buying more than I should. I bought a Pink Floyd The Wall Wallet, which I wanted to buy since I have had a plain black wallet for years and not changed. I also bought this strange Nebula light from this cool giftshop. The light is for my bedroom at night since I am fed up of sleeping in the pitch black. I bought a shirt with a skeleton wielding guns on, and a pack of boxers with small bananas on, yummy. I did get a set of 3 canvas for £5 which I thought was quite cheap and a big tube of black acrylic paint for £2. On top of them I bought some awesome Grumpy Mule decaf coffee, some creamy planet saving oat milk chocolate (vegan), and some 85% Divine dark chocolate… they had no Montezuma but honestly that is probably too bitter at 100% and I was not in the mood. I also bought 3 pairs of candles in different colours, blue, light green/blue, and pink.

I was complimented on my combination of coffee and chocolate and it got me thinking… is this not normal then? I see people combine smoking with coffee, croissants, breakfast, fruit, many things. But chocolate, is this some sort of mind blowing unleashment of genius taste fantasy? It’s only earth so you know, lets eat it. The attraction to the combination is the caffeine in the chocolate since I drink decaffeinated coffee. Although this new oat milk chocolate discovery, which made me salivate as soon as I smelled it, was probably as I imagine crack cocaine would be to a junkie.

Who can blame us in the first world for having such fruity addictions? We have so much choice, that any combination of many things is okay but looks weird. What do you think pineapple on pizza was like as an idea? Now, there’s no stopping at pineapple on the pizza, you have burger pizzas (WTF?), lamb pizzas, chips on pizza. I mean the list of combinations is mind bending. Anyway, coffee and chocolate is good and I recommend trying it unless you have a restriction on diet.

Now I am talking about coffee, I could do with getting a coffee grinder or some sort of modern equipment to make my coffee making more convoluted as to appear proper to the people that may come round. I don’t want to give the impression that I don’t care about brands or monetary value.

Can you tell me your coffee combinations? Wizard loves you all, and wishes goodness, peace and prosperity to all of you, especially those in need. Amen. Namaste.

Unhurt

Deep thickening walls of desperation 

misty heart and love

the deception

shattered glass

broken pieces lay untouched on the sand

light gleams from its smooth surface

retrieving waves

setting sun

stood alone in the desert

heart has fallen from its swinging basket

reaching upwards

opening your eyes

waterfall of soul bearing for the saints

forgive me, forgive you

moving

shifting the dream that paved a thousand nightmares

grinding

relieving

being in the present

I feel that lust rise from the ashes

as phoenix I am the storm

coming to reckon on the horizon

Thank you for reading this post.


Asia, Alpha – True Colours (great album)

Bubble

Our solar system is surrounded by a giant bubble, about 1000 light years in diameter.


Ripply jugular fluff 
transparent
lucid reddish thin
pocket stashing magnet 
phase light
cloutus

The universe is so big that we cannot see it all. We live in a solar system, with the sun at the center. Once upon a time it was believed to be the center of the universe. Did you ever watch a space movie and wonder, what if? It is great to dream of the unknown, although it can be a bit unnerving.

No matter what you think you know about life, you will always discover more, outside of your own bubble. There can be hope and there can be faith and courage, triumph in the hour of our darkest of moments, light in the most deepest recesses of the paradox of our lives. I say to you, do not fear one another, do not fear love. In your hearts you are eternally connected, and in your mind, individually crafted so as to be able to love each other in your own way.

In the solace of space and time, where no wind or dirt shall befall you, be immersed into passionate existence. Grab the universes energy, and harness it for good. Have in your hearts the love that you want to give to another. I want you to know, that you are able to be forgiven, and to forgive.

Alchemistical (1)

Welcome to my new blog post series which will have a medieval theme. The first post is called alchemy, looking at a little bit of the history and what alchemy actually is. Keep checking my blog on a daily basis to find new posts about various medieval topics which will cover things like medieval mythology, knights, castles, dragons, wizards and so much more!


Alchemy – ‘The medieval forerunner of chemistry, concerned with the transmutation of matter, in particular with attempts to convert base metals into gold or find a universal elixir.’

Philosophers stone – A mythical substance purported to transform metals into gold. Also called the elixir of life, useful for rejuvenation and achieving immortality. It was for many centuries the most sought after goal in alchemy. The Philosophers stone was the central symbol of the mystical terminology of alchemy, symbolising perfection at its finest, enlightenment, and heavenly bliss. Efforts to discover the stone were know as the Magnum Opus.

symbol of the philosphers stone

In 1666, the English mathematician, astronomer and natural philosopher, Sir Isaac newton made a great discovery about light and colour. He observed that when light passed through a prism it produced an array of colours, a rainbow of colours. He was fascinated and believed that it had a close relationship to the concept known as the ‘vegetable spirit.’ Through his life, and research into alchemy and nature, he hoped to uncover the secrets of this vegetable spirit, a spirit of life.

The main goal or mission of medieval alchemists was to find a way to create gold and the elixir of life. Alchemy is traceable back to the ancient Egyptians and the Greeks. At one point there was a huge issue with fake gold, said to have been created using mere alloys, which led to the Roman Empire Emporor Diocletian ordering for the destruction of every single text that covered the making of gold or other metal work.

In 1317 Pope John XXII issued the Bull “Spondent quas non exhibent” banning alchemy. In 1403 the English King Henry IV had banned the practice of alchemy without a license, granting licenses to those trustworthy enough to attempt to actually make gold.

John Dee, one of the more recognisable names in alchemical history, was an English mathematician, alchemist, astrologer, teacher and occultist. He was an advisor to Queen Elizabeth the 1st. Most of his time was devoted to the art of alchemy and in particular divination.

Above, he is performing an experiment for Queen Elizabeth I. His personal life: he married Jane Fromond in 1558, at 51 whilst she was 23. Together they had 8 children. His wife passed when the bubonic plague swept through Manchester, taking 2 of their children as well.

In 1553 he had been arrested and charged with casting the horoscope of Queen Mary Tudor. He was accused of trying to kill her with sorcery. He was imprisoned in Hampton Court that same year, but released just 2 years later, in 1555. In 1556 Queen Mary gave him a full pardon. He later went on to become one of the more trusted advisors to the Queen Elizabeth. Dee was too intrigued by the philosophers stone.

He later met Edward Kelley, an occultist and medium. The two men worked together using ‘spiritual conferences’ involving prayer, fasting and eventual communication with the angels. Kelley informed Dee that the angel Uriel had instructed them to share everything, including their wives. They parted and Dee returned to the Queen to petition for a role in the court. She appointed him warden of Christ’s College in Manchester. During his role there, several priests had contacted him regarding demonic possession of children.

Dee retired after the death of the Queen, returning to his home on the River Thames. He died in 1608 at 82 in poverty under the care of his daughter, Katherine. The massive collection of books and manuscripts, notebooks and others which detailed those ‘spiritual conferences’ between Dee, Kelley and the angels were discovered. It chronicled the life of Tudor England, which was closely connected to magic and metaphysics, despite the anti-occult sentiment at the time.

Alchemy, still used today to advance medicine and our understanding of the world and of life, albeit called chemistry.


Thanks for taking the time to read todays post. This is the first in a series of posts about medieval England. If you liked this, then please like and comment below or share, which is always welcomed. The next episode will be on Knights.